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2017 - 06 - 30
點擊次數: 138
去英國留學不僅可以受到更好的教育學到更新的技術,同時還能對異國他鄉的文化有更加深入的了解,不僅可以提高自己的素質還能促進國際間的教育交流。因此很多家長會選擇一個專業正規的深圳英國留學中介機構前海大翰留學教育來為孩子安排出國的相關事宜,因為和自己辦理留學比起來,深圳英國留學中介服務有如下這些好處。1、減少精力的付出在辦理留學的時候會涉及到很多資料的準備和申請,而對于并不熟悉這一過程的家長和學生而言非...
2017 - 06 - 30
點擊次數: 149
出國留學是很多家長及其孩子的一大夢想,而英國又以其繁榮的經濟、先進的教育理念和深厚的文化氛圍格外吸引大家,所以很多位于深圳的學生會通過深圳英國留學中介機構來選擇合適的學校去留學。那么和其他途徑出國留學比較起來正規的深圳英國留學中介前海大翰留學教育有哪些優勢呢? 1、辦理留學經驗豐富由于專業的深圳英國留學中介機構對英國的留學市場有著非常深入的研究和了解,所以能將各種細節處理的很周到。前海大...
2017 - 06 - 29
點擊次數: 151
英國擁有著世界一流的重點大學吸引著國外眾多學子紛紛前來留學。我們都清楚想到英國留學,前期的留學咨詢、申請、簽證的辦理等都是非常重要的環節。因此專業的留學中介成為他們的選擇。深圳英國留學中介憑借著正規的資質、專業的水準、完善的服務受到廣大留學申請者的信賴。但隨著留學風的盛行,深圳英國留學中介也日益增多,深圳英國留學中介哪個靠譜成為大家倍感關注的話題。下面小編就選擇時應考慮的幾個方面進行以下簡述。&#...
2017 - 06 - 29
點擊次數: 234
美國留學一直是出國留學中最受大家關注的一個方向,深圳美國留學中介發現最近有很多的人來咨詢有關留學美國音樂學院的相關問題。下面資深的深圳美國留學中介:前海大翰留學教育就為大家介紹一下有關美國音樂學院留學的相關事項,希望能對那些想要去美國音樂學院留學的人一些幫助。 第一、申請入學時間根據前海大翰留學教育的了解,相對于其它專業的申請截止時間來說音樂學院的日期要早一些,普遍都是在每年的9-11月...
2017 - 06 - 08
點擊次數: 117
目前,越來越多的學生選擇出國留學進修去豐富自己的學識,與此同時還能開闊自己的眼界。在出國留學的浪潮下,深圳美國留學機構也應運而生,滿足留學申請學生的留學需求,廣受留學生好評。下面讓一流的深圳美國留學機構為您介紹美國留學的好處有哪些。一、領先的國際教育水平美國的教育水平在全世界處于領跑狀態,首屈一指。并且深圳美國留學機構告訴您,美國高校不僅師資雄厚、硬件設備先進,其教學水平以及學習氛圍都非常值得稱贊...
2017 - 06 - 07
點擊次數: 83
目前,為了享受更加優質的教育,會有很多學生選擇通過專業的深圳美國留學機構來出國留學,去學習國外的知識,擴大自己的知識層面,回來報效祖國。因此,在我國深圳美國留學機構還是非常多的。那么,我們該如何選擇呢?又有哪些標準來參考一、責任心與服務專業水平以及個性化服務對于深圳美國留學機構要求很高,其首先需要具有很強的責任感。一個優秀專業的深圳美國留學機構的重要性不亞于一名人生規劃師,其可以幫助您整合現有資源...
2017 - 06 - 07
點擊次數: 44
留學是件大事,很多學生在學校和專業上的選擇都很茫然,很容易套搬在中國選學校的辦法,殊不知中美在教育體制上有很多不同,如果生搬硬套,很容易犯一些高級錯誤,那些“錯誤”看著美麗,但卻華而不實。下面讓專業的深圳美國留學機構為您分析出國留學選專業存在哪些誤區。一、選專業過早很多學生會在大一或者入學時就已經草率決定了專業方向,因為決定之前沒有充分了解美國的教育,沒有了解清楚專業的就業方向及前景,過于草率決定...
2017 - 06 - 01
點擊次數: 88
隨著我國受高等教育人群數量的逐年增高,有很多大學、碩士甚至博士畢業生會選擇去國外繼續深造,而美國作為當今高等教育最發達的國家之一,是很多畢業生理想的去處。然而,一個人孤身在外,難免會有些不適應,下面深圳美國留學咨詢提醒您在美國留學的注意事項。1、買部單車美國的校園一般都很大且坐落于大學城或一些小城鎮內,所以專業的深圳美國留學咨詢建議剛去的同學最好買部單車,這樣你上學、購物、參加party都很方便,...

耶魯人反思:學了一個不實用的學科,值嗎?

日期: 2017-03-21
瀏覽次數: 66

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?耶魯人反思:學了一個不實用的學科,值嗎?

In 1998, I received a scholarship to study for an undergraduate degree at Yale University. During my four years at Yale, I explored a broad array of subjects: economics, German language and literature, mathematics, English literature, etc., but the subject I was most committed to intellectually was history. The ten history courses I took at Yale included ancient Greek history, Roman history, medieval European history, the Reformation, the European intellectual history of the 18th and 19th centuries, and the history of modern Russia and modern Germany. When I told other Chinese that I was studying history at Yale, many talked as if I were a slacker evading science and engineering programs, or a loser who couldn't make it in computer science or electrical engineering; others wondered why I had chosen such an impractical subject.

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Both responses reflect the deeply ingrained prejudice of many Chinese against the humanities - and are grossly erroneous. Studying history at a great American university is neither easy nor impractical. In some sense, I learned my most important lessons through struggling with the difficulties of studying history. My history courses posed a much bigger academic challenge than my previous experience in Tsinghua as a freshman in biochemistry, or in Tsinghua Fuzhong's experimental accelerated science program. I came away from those four arduous years at Yale tremendously enriched.

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Most history classes at Yale require attending two or three lectures a week, a weekly discussion section, relentless reading assignments of 200 or more pages a week, a midterm and final exam, and two papers. At the beginning, just taking notes on lectures and finishing the reading on time were daunting challenges; writing papers was nightmarish. My trouble with papers generally started the moment they were assigned. The topics were indeterminate, e.g. "write about any topic of your choice in ancient Greek history", "write a book review for a book of your choice" from a reading list of fifty books on medieval history or "compare and contrast selected passages from Karl Marx's Das Kapital and Alexis de Tocqueville's Democracy in America." The expected end result is a paper making a coherent argument that draws its supporting evidence or ideas from several books or journal articles. The subtext to such assignments is: whatever you say in the paper has to reflect your own thinking; hence simply repeating the professor's opinions or whatever is in the readings will not get you very far. In the first week of my Yale career it was hammered home to us that plagiarism was the capital crime in the academic world. Each year there are students who are punished for plagiarizing.

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Looking at a paper assignment, my mind often went blank: ANY topics in ancient Greek history? But which one, andswheresto start? Even after I was able to narrow the topic down to, say, the career of Pericles, there were still thousands of books and articles written on it. What was my main argument to be? What points should I make? What information should I include in the paper to support my argument? I would spend hours going through hundreds and hundreds of pages of reading with no clue what to write on. I spent so many nights pacing back and forth in the library, trying to define a topic and choose my arguments. And I was hardly the only person with this problem: Yale students complain about papers as much as Londoners complain about the weather. Pulling all-nighters to finish a paper is part of the shared memory of those "bright college years".

耶魯人反思:學了一個不實用的學科,值嗎?

I gradually realized the value of such seemingly unguided education. Allowing students great scope in choosing their own paper topics reflects the Western belief in individual initiative. Students are encouraged to make their own choices and go wherever their interests lead them. On a different level, in the process of groping for a topic, then screening the available material, and finally using it to make an intelligent argument, students learn the important lesson of rapidly processing and critically utilizing a large amount of information. This is an important skill not only in historical research, but in many careers outside the academic world,swheresinformation comes in the form of a tangled mess, not neat textbook passages to be spoon-fed to passive "learners".

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I find the language skills acquired from history classes highly relevant in the real world. Because of the broad spectrum of subjects that history encompasses - political events, social changes, intellectual and artistic movements, etc - the student of history has to command a wide vocabulary to describe and analyze these different subjects. For my history classes, I wrote papers on the military strategy that Athens and Sparta employed in the Persian War, the autobiography of the medieval philosopher Abelard, Russian peasant uprisings in the 1860s, the environmental crisis in the early Qing Dynasty, and numerous other topics. Intensive reading, writing, and discussion forced me to absorb and master new vocabulary and rhetorical tactics at a rapid pace. And happily, many historians are excellent stylists. Their precise and supple use of English makes their books models of English expository prose at its best.

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Writing well is a fine skill, but is it important? Yes, very! Many companies that came to recruit at Yale, including most of the well-known Wall Street finance and consulting firms, made no secret of their preference for candidates with solid writing skills. Each year these firms hire a large number of new graduates with majors such as history, English, and political science, but no formal finance or business education. Curiously, the undergraduate economics or finance curriculum at elite private universities such as Yale, Harvard and Princeton has a strong theoretical bent and is not immediately applicable to a career in a private firm. Indeed, most elite universities don't even have an undergraduate business program. In the US one of the most influential and lucrative professions is law, a field in which writing skills are indispensable. Not surprisingly, law school is one of the most popular destinations for Yale grads majoring in history.

耶魯人反思:學了一個不實用的學科,值嗎?

The ability to use words well is highly valued and respected in Western culture. The two most "popular" figures on the Yale campus are probably Richard Brodhead, dean of Yale College, and sinologist Jonathan Spence. Both cast their spell on the Yale community through the excellence of their writing and public speaking. Spence's course on modern Chinese history once drew a first-day crowd of 650. He had to limit enrollment to 400, the capacity of the largest lecture hall at Yale. From my experience, Chinese students with an excellent command of English receive a lot of respect and attention from Americans.

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So a history education is useful. Yet if the question "Why study history?" had been put to the 204 history majors in my class, chances are that they would have replied, "Because it's fun." And it is!. The study of history is enjoyable on several levels. The lectures are often the highlight of a history course. Boasting one of the finest history departments in the US, Yale has many history professors of superstar status. Often superb story tellers, they turn lecturessintosgrand historical drama. Jonathan Spence's lectures are known for his insightful anecdotes from Chinese history. In the famous course on ancient Greek history taught by Donald Kagan, students would applaud at the end of each lecture to acknowledge Kagan's impassioned eloquence. My personal favorite was Prof. James Heinzen's history of modern Russia: on the grand level, the Russian people's heroic struggle with destiny over the past 200 years is deeply moving.

?耶魯人反思:學了一個不實用的學科,值嗎?

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Reading is another great source of enjoyment that I cannot help mentioning. In a typical history course, the professor lectures on historical developments in broad terms, while the reading for a particular week, usually a book on a specific subject, supplements the professor's presentation with vivid details and a more thorough analysis of something touched on in the lectures. Reading is really the blood and flesh of the course. In the class I took on the history of modern Germany, for example, Prof. Henry Turner focuses his lectures exclusively on the socio-political development of Germany since Bismarck. The reading includes the biography of Bismarck by AG Taylor, excerpts from German Marxist Eduard Bernstein's political writing and 19th century German historian Heinrich von Treitschke's lecture notes, Heinrich Mann's novel Man of Straw, excerpts from Hitler's Mein Kampf, Michael Allen's The Nazi Seizure of Power, and many other books. While a few, such as Hitler's Mein Kampf, were torture to read, most were fascinating. I spent many weekends in the library doing my history reading, and a good book to read was an important part of my Saturday "relaxation".

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History is not only fun for people who study it, but also for the people who research it. When I talked with Prof. Turner about one of his books, he told me that the idea for it arose as he was browsing through the catalogue of some Nazi documents newly released after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Among the documents were personal letters from Franz von Papen, one of the key figures behind Hitler's appointment as chancellor in January 1933. Turner thought that they might reveal something about the power struggle immediately before Hitler's rise to power, so he asked a colleague doing research in Moscow to photocopy some of the letters. These, as it turned out, told a story about Hitler's ascent to power quite different from what most people had believed. Based on these and other documents, Turner wrote a book that brought our understanding of this period closer to historical reality. Almost ten years after its publication, the aged professor still got very excited over his book: "It was detective work. I had a lot of fun working on it."

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No essay or book fully explains why people study history. The answer given by Donald Kagan, Yale's celebrated professor of ancient Greek history, captures the essence of the problem: "You only know why people should study history after you have studied history.

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文章與圖片來源于留美學子,如想咨詢更多關于出國留學專業選擇方面信息, 請與大翰留學專家聯系,電話: 13530031936 或者13823166234。

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